As stated in its Regulations, IPRA-CINDER is an independent non-profit making international organization, the main purpose of which is to promote and to encourage the study of all subjects and matters related with land registry.
IPRA-CINDER has delegations in all five continents. Each Delegation is chaired by a President, whose office is to submit to the Secretary General the proposals that he may deem pertinent as well as to widespread the conclusions approved by the General Meeting among the countries within its territorial competence. This office, same as any other office within the organization, has an honorary nature and is non-remunerated. The main functions of the Secretary General, apart from the usual ones of management and organization, are to adopt the necessary measures to execute the decisions adopted by the General Meeting, as well as those that enable the compliance with the aims referred to in the above paragraph.
The General Meeting is the supreme body of IPRA-CINDER and has the authorities that correspond to its system and government. It holds meetings periodically every two years in the country that the previous Meeting decides.
IPRA-CINDER has an open structure. Any academic and professional institution specifically related to the study and to the registrar activity may require to join IPRA -CINDER, with the only limitation that there may only be two institutions per country. Governmental Administrations with authorities in registration matters may also join CINDER, especially in the case of countries in which none of the previously referred institutions has still been established.
The debates that arise within it are absolutely free, whether in a committee or through written means. Every opinion is respected and valued. The main purpose of IPRA- CINDER is to favor the interest and well-being of the citizens and of the States. Nowadays almost nobody doubts that property, together with life and freedom, is one of the fundamental rights that contribute to a greater extent to fundament the dignity of the human being. Nor does anybody doubt that the distribution of property has been one of the factors that have most strengthened the independence of citizens. All of it without forgetting the importance that it has as an instrument of social unity and peace.
From this point of view and without prejudice of the legal limits that each State may deem convenient to impose on property, CINDER pretends to investigate which is the best system to protect it, in order to allow its conversion into an economic asset which, apart from favoring its increase in value, may help its owners to obtain the financing that they may need, whether it be for its purchase or for undertaking other projects. To that end, it does not only value the legal security that each of the different existing models provide to its owners, but also other circumstances such as the cost, the risk, the flexibility or the reliability of its operation.
Public interest is always present in the studies that CINDER protects and promotes. In this sense, it should be remembered that an effective and secure system of legal organization of property extremely reduces social and judicial conflicts. To this respect, it should be stated that, apart from stimulating the practice of transactions and the development of investment and of territorial credit or, in other words, of wealth, registration systems provide security to the definition and assignment of real property rights; subsequently, they act as an instrument that avoids the so-called political “expropriations” or, as the noun itself indicates, those that derive from changes in the government or even in the country system.
Lastly, it should be remarked that such systems also allow the free control of the compliance by the different owners with urban and environmental legislations that affect their property and that guarantee the effectiveness of the execution of Court decisions that impose an economic fine on those found guilty; also of the Decisions rendered by the different Administrations that have collecting and executive authorities within their respective field of competence.
The commercial activity is also an object of study of IPRA-CINDER. Same as it happens in the field of real property, IPRA-CINDER also studies the different existing systems in order to guarantee the compliance with law by companies. The aim pursued is to protect shareholders and third parties that may sign agreements with the companies and also to favor its incorporation. In this sense, constant proposals are made to speed up the procedure for individuals and for businessmen; also constant is the study of new legal concepts that may allow combining the interest of citizens with the limits that each legislation gives to the principle of free will of parties.